In personal computers, Almod Corporation now support three main lines:
In plastic cards, Almod Corporation support Magnetic stripe cards, Oversized cards and 3 kinds of smart cards(Contactless cards, Proximity cards, Hybrid cards):
Take out your wallet. Look at the back of your credit cards. Chances are, you have a number of magnetic stripe cards.
Magnetic stripes are commonly found on credit cards, bank debit cards, prepaid telephone and vending cards, mass transit cards, driversí licenses, employee ID badges, membership cards, school lunch programs and library cards, gift certificates, loyalty cards and access control cards. This well-established technology is used in industries with low- to medium-data storage needs.
Magnetic stripe cards have a black or brown magnetic stripe made up of magnetic particles of resin. Brown stripes are generally low-coercivity (LoCo), while black stripes are high-coercivity cards (HiCo).
Coercivity is the ability of the magnetic stripe to resist demagnetization. It is measured in oersteds (Oe). The resin particle material determines the coercivity of the stripe: low-coercivity stripes at 300 Oe are made of iron oxide and high-coercivity stripes at 2750 to 4000 Oe are usually made from barium ferrite. The higher the coercivity, the harder it is to encode - and erase - information from the stripe.
An oversized card is larger than the standard, credit-card size card most people carry. The standard credit-card size is called a CR-80; it is 3.375 in. x 2.125 in. (85.6mm x 54mm).
Oversized cards come in two sizes:
Traditionally, oversized cards have been used in high-security applications where fast, at-a-glance visual identification is vital, such as at airports, concerts, conventions, sporting events, educational institutions, government buildings, press conferences and other special events. Today, however, more and more organizations are turning to oversized cards because they are a great way to set cards apart and make them more easily recognizable.
In addition to the features and functions found in contact smart cards, contactless smart cards contain an embedded antenna instead of contact pads attached to the chip for reading and writing information contained in the chip's memory. Contactless cards do not have to be inserted into a card acceptor device. Instead, they need only be passed within range of a radio frequency acceptor to read and store information in the chip. The range of operation is typically from about 2.5" to 3.9" (63.5mm to 99.06mm) depending on the acceptor.
Contactless smart cards are used in many of the same applications as contact smart cards, especially where the added convenience and speed of not having to insert the card into a reader is desirable. There is a growing acceptance of this type of card for both physical and logical access control applications. Student identification, electronic passport, vending, parking and tolls are common applications for contactless cards.
Proximity cards or simply "prox cards" communicate through an antenna similar to contactless smart cards except that they are read-only devices that generally have a greater range of operation. The range of operation for prox cards is typically from 2.5" to 20" (63.5mm to 508mm) depending on the reader. It is possible to read a small amount of information with prox cards such as an identification code that is usually verified by a remote computer; however, it is not possible to write information back to the card. Prox cards are available from several sources in both ISO thickness cards from .027" to .033" (.6858mm to .8382mm) and "clamshell" cards from .060" to over .070" thick (1.524mm to over 1.778mm).
Hybrid card is the term given to e-cards that contain two or more embedded chip technologies such as a contactless smart chip with its antenna, a contact smart chip with its contact pads, and/or a proximity chip with its antenna -- all in a single card. The contactless chip is typically used for applications demanding fast transaction times, like mass transit. The contact chip can be used in applications requiring higher levels of security. The individual electronic components are not connected to each other even though they share space in a single card.
Hybrid cards offer a unique solution for updating your existing badging system. This e-card allows you to accommodate the infrastructure and card technology of a legacy system while adding new applications and e-card technologies -- all in a single ID Card.